The main aim of the study was to identify the current status of productivity and production of scientific knowledge in the Science and Technology (S&T) by local researchers. MASTIC Division has conducted this study for four(4) times and was carried for every four (4) years once since 2003.
In 2003, the scope of research focuses on the STI publications that have been published in international journals for the period of 1955 to 2002.
In 2008, the scope of the study has been expanded to cover STI publication that have been published in local journals as well as international journals. The coverage of study for international publication is from 1980-2008 and for local publication is from 1927-2008.
In 2012, there are some similarities as well as differences from the first and second studies. Similar features pertain to the use of bibliometric analysis and data sources from international databases covering international research articles. The main differences lie in the scope of coverage in terms of the period of study, the specific databases consulted and h-index of Malaysian institutions. Besides, the subject coverage of the third study also includes international journals from the Social Sciences in addition to Science and Technology, as indexed by Thomson Reuters databased (Thomson ISI).
The Bibliometric Study 2015 aims to assess the status of research achievements at the national level, especially identifying research performance that includes publications and patents in the fields of Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) and Social Sciences. This study covers the period of 2001 to 2014. This study also compares Malaysian research performance in relation to the world, including identifying areas of focus and strength in the Malaysian research community. In addition, this study also maps the patterns of cooperation in the publication and patenting activities in Malaysia.
The Bibliometric Study 2015 will investigate:
- Scientific publications (i.e. articles and proceedings) in the areas of STI and Social Sciences in the main Web of Science (WoS) databases, namely (i) Science Citation Index Expanded (SCIE), (ii) Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), and (iii) Essential Science Indicators (ESI), as well as in SCOPUS databases;
- Production of patents in the areas of STI in the PCT and MyIPO databases; and
- Institutions of Higher Learning (IHLs) (both public and private), Public Research Institutions (PRIs) as well as companies.
The main objectives for the Bibliometric Study 2015 are:
- Measure the level of research output performance, with the main reference being scientific publications and patents that are released for use by fellow researchers individuals, and organisations - nationally and internationally;
- Identify the expertise of researchers and centres of excellence in the country, according to areas of research that are strategic to the country;
- Assess the frequency of citations in scientific publications and patents, thus, enabling the identification of factors that influenced the number of citations at the national and international level;
- Report the h-index of universities and research institutions in Malaysia;
- Map the networks of publications and patents by institutions;
- Evaluate the level of collaboration between researchers as well as local and international institutions in R&D activities;
- Compare Malaysia against international levels to determine the position and contributions of the country in the generation of scientific publications globally; and
- Present holistic suggestions and recommendations for policymakers to increase the performance of scientific knowledge in the areas of STI, as well as the competence of the country in R&D activities.
Concepts and definitions are based on the international guidelines proposed by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) in 'Bibliometric Indicators and Analysis of Research Systems: Methods and Examples' in the year 2007. These concepts adhered to the accepted practices, thereby facilitating international comparability of data.
The National Bibliometric Study 2018 will be release on August 2019.