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ID : tm3131812289

Vermiculture technology

Vermiculture technology is the process of breeding and using earthworm as the main agent to convert organic waste into an organic fertilizer that also act as soil conditioner, soil additive and natural pesticide. In vermiculture technology, organic waste is a resource/food for the earthworm.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3131912290

Value Added Eco-Friendly Poly (Lactic Acid) Nanocomposites [Sustain-NanoPLA]

The rapid increase in the volume of use for synthetic polymers has contributed to the solid waste management problems. There is a growing trend on potential marketing benefits of green and sustainable products, reduction in carbon dioxide gas emissions and the conservation of the earth's fossil resources. Polymers prepared from renewable and sustainable resources can be designed, synthesized, and engineered by enviromentally compatible routes and can disposed after service life of the product by degradation (composting, etc). Poly (lactic acid)(PLA) has attracted great interest due to its renewable resources, biocompatibility and bio degradability. Although PLA contributes high strength and stiffness to the resulting products, but its toughness, heat distortion temperature (HDT) and gas barrier properties are not satisfactory. Value Added Eco-Friendly Poly (lactic acid) Nanocomposites [Sustain-NanoPLA]
- A Better Choice and Solution !
(1) Nanocly at low filler concentration - significant improvement in mechanical and thermal properties of PLA
(2) Maleated rubber - Enchance interaction of PLA and nanoclay, Better dispersion and exfoliation of nanocly
The Value-Added Eco-Friendly Poly (lactic acid) Nanocomposite offers:
- High toughness
- Ease of moldability
- Compostable
- Good color stability

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3132312294

Titano- An Excellent Air Purifier

Industrial development has brought prosperity to millions of people, but has also left a legacy of enviromental damage that continues to impact natural resources and ultimately the human well being. One of the largest problem now affecting the entire world is air pollution. As the world has industrialized and its population has grown, the problem of air has intensified. umans breath an average of over 3,000 gallons of air every day, according to the Enviromental Protection Agency (EPA), USA. Children have smaller body masses, so air pollution will affect them more quickly and more harmfully. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), an estimated 1.5 billion people are breathing dangerously high levels of pollution every day. WHO also reported that polluted air is one of the top ten causes of premature death worldwide. Therefore, it is important to find a sustainable sollution to treat the polluted air to allow us to lead a safe, secure and high quality life in harmony with the globale enviroment.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3132812299

Synthetic biomaterials for bone grafting

Rekagraf is a local product developed from a chemical modification and innovation on a base calcium phosphate composition. Through reformulation work based on solid solution substituion, the reformulated calcium phosphate body has been designed to mimic the human bone in all its characteristic so that it may be used to replace disease bone. Thus this novel material has found its application in the field of orthopaedic, maxillofacial, dental, otorhinolaryngology and neurosurgery in Malaysia

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3132912300

Synthesize of Nanoporous Ceramic Membrane with Bimodal Pore Size Distribution Using Nanosized Template.

A solid template will be blended into bedmate sol to create secondary pores in y-alumina membrane after calcinations. The creation of secondary pores is tremendously important as they reduce transport resistance greatly in ceramic membrane. Apart from developing the ceramic membranes with bimodal pore size distribution, this research will study the permeability behavior of the ceramic membrane with bimodal pore size distribution using a stirred membrane cell. Pure water permeability test, molecule weight cut off test and dye separation test will be used to help understand its permeability behavior. As the ceramic membranes have great resistance to aggressive chemical and high temperature, the novel ceramic membrane is suitable for applications in the textile industry to remove residual dye as the nonporous ceramics membranes have a molecular cut-off of < 1000 Da. In addition, the novel ceramic membrane has better permeation compared to conventional ceramic membranes. Thus, the novel ceramic membrane will be applied in the textile wastewater treatment in the final stage of the research.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3133012301

Synthesis of y-alumina with Uniform pore Structure and Enhanced Functionality in Oxidation Reactions of Styrene

The main objective of the research is to synthesize ?alumina with bimodal pore size distribution and reduced diffusion resistance in catalytic reaction. The solid template (polystyrene beads or vanadium oxide nanotubes) will be blended into boehmite sol to create desired pores in the -alumina after calcinations. Using the centrifugal force or filtration effect, the template will be self-assemble in the boehmite sol. Primary pore size distribution originally exists in the boehmite sol and the secondary pore size distribution is created by removing the solid templating units during calcinations. Creating secondary pores is tremendously important as the catalytic process occurs more efficiently in a material with bimodal pore size distribution. This is because the secondary pores reduce the diffusion limitations were to exist in a catalyst with unimodal porous structure. After synthesizing and characterizing the -alumina with orderly arranged secondary pores, the ?alumina will be applied in oxidation reaction of styrene. The influence of the transition metals incorporated and their structural features on catalytic activity and product selective in styrene oxidation will be studied in the final stage of the research.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3133112302

Synthesis of nanofiltration composite polyamide membrane using monomeric diamines mixture and its performance evaluation.

Polyamide composite nanofiltration membranes are fabricated under different polymerization time, diamine ratio and organic phase content. The effect of polymerization time on pore size is not significant for reaction times less than 120s but the effective thickness/porosity seems increase drastically even at low polymerization time. Besides, membranes prepared with the addition of 0.05% 3,5-diaminobenzoic acid (BA) shows improvement in terms of flux and exhibits high rejection of divalent salt like metals ion. However, the flux started to reduce at higher BA content because of the decreasing membrane porosity. This means that diamine ratio is a crucial factor to produce an optimum membrane.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3133412305

Spot Electroplater For Lead Frame (SPEL)

Spot Electroplater for Lead Frame (SPEL) have been designed to cater to existing problems face by the rubber masking technique, presently applied in lead frame manufacturing industries. One of the problems is the difficulty to seal the rubber mould with lead frames by uniforms deposit on lead frame. Consequently, this cause inaccurate plating on lead frame. The problems can be solved or reduced by implementing a technique that can act like a printer to draw any shape of silver plating area. This approach needs a technique which can produce spot plating. Uniform SPEL was invented which can plate a small area (as small as 1 mm in diameter). In SPEL, the electrolyte is continuous impingement to the substrate through a nozzle. The substrate (cathode) is connected to negative terminal and the nozzle (anode) is connected to positive terminal of the power supply. During the electrolyte impingement to the substrate, the currant is supplied to the system. Hence, plasting will occur and the nozzle outlet will determine the plating size. As a result, a 1 mm diameter circular spot of silver plating can be produced on a copper plate using 1 mm diameter nozzle, 0.05A current, inlet and outlet pump speed at 10 and 70 rpm respectively in 2.5 second plating time. SPEL is an environmental friendly technique as the usage of cyanide is minimal.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3134212313

SIL - An Innovative Mineral Filler for epoxy Used in Electronic Industry

The mismatch of coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE) of IC, solder and substrate is a common problem in the electronic industries and it has been solved using encapsulate, epoxy filled with silica. Currently exorbitant fused silica has been used as filler in the epoxy. SIL4 which has been tested in the proxy, resulted in excellent performance in terms of thermal and mechanical characteristics. It has a comparable CTE values to fused silica and thermal stability. SIL4 also exhibits high flexural modulus and flexural strenght at higher filler loading with minimal agglomeration. The production cost of SIL is around RM 1.00/kg which is mich cheaper than fused silica will reduce the manufacturing cost of electronic goods. SIL will enhanced the local raw materials to a value added product and also the quality of the epoxy used in the electronic industry. The huge local silica resources and big electronics industries in Malaysia will enhance the production and consumption of SIL respectively.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3134512316

Rice Husk Ash: Based Sorbent/ Catalyst as a Novel Industrial Gas Cleaning Technology

Power plants and industrial combustion system currently produce a lot of pollutants that cause global warming and acid rain. In an effort to reduce and control the release of greenhouse and acidic gases as well as to utilize and solve the rice husk ash (RHA) disposal problem, a technology to produce highly active eco-sorbent prepared from RHA that is efficient in removing three important industrial pollutant gases (N2O, NOx and SO2) have been successfully developed. With the development of this cheaper and efficient novel technology, it is hope that this would be able to partly solve the issues related to global warming and acid rain problems.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3134812319

Recovery of Oil and Beta-Carotene from Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) and its Utilization to Value Added Product

World Health Organization considers vitamin A deficiency to be public health problem in over 60 countries and fortunately Malaysia has something in palm oil industries to offer the world community towards the prevention of vitamin A deficiency because crude palm oil is the world?s richest natural plant source of carotenes. Carotene, in particular-carotene is the most important vitamin A precursor in human nutrition. Malaysia is basically an agricultural country and the major polluting industrial effluents have been from palm oil industry. Besides the main product crude palm oil, palm oil mills also generate many by-products which would pose a significant impact on the environment if they are not dealt properly. POME is predominantly organic in nature and highly polluting. Due to the readily available source of POME and growing value of carotenes, the main objective of this research is to develop a downstream processing for natural products, a-carotene. Bioseparation method such as organic-aqueuos extraction and ultrafiltration are used to retrieve oil from POME. Adsorption chromatography is further used to recover the carotenes contained in it. Besides that, the feasibility of converting oil extracted sludge to feedstuffs or organic fertilizer will be evaluated.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3135212323

Production of clean fuels from synthesis gas using bacteria.

Utilizing biomass and agricultural waste to be converted to clean fuel; hydrogen and ethanol. One of the renewable energy sources is the synthesis gas (mixtures of carbon monoxide and hydrogen) for producing hydrocarbon fuels and organic chemicals. It has the important advantage that it can be produced from almost anything containing carbon, from methane to manure. Wastes from paper mills, food processing, palm oil wastes and other industrial wastes may also work well to be used as a source of syngas. Bacteria will then utilize the syngas to produced fuel.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3135812329

Palm Oil Mill Effluent(POME)pretreatment using Moringa oleifera seeds as an environmental friendly coagulant.

The treatment pf Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME) is an important issue for the minimization of pollution. POME is voluminous liquid waste wity high organic and suspended solids content. This polluting effluent makes it not only highly polluting but also extremely difficult to treat by conventional methods. Moringa oleifera seed, a biodegradable, environmental friendly coagulant could solve the existing problem of organics and inorganic suspended solids from wastewater. A further advantage of this process could generate an improvised suspended solid and organic matter in waste treatment without using alum or polaluminium chloride (PAC). This conventional chemical coagulats contains of aluminium as heavy metal known to have a carcinogenic properties and also may induce `Alzheimer`s` disease and per-senile dementia and also may have the side effect to aquatic ecology. Thus, the coagulation - flocculation process using moringa oleifera seeds after oil extraction as natural coagulant presents a viable alternative for the treatment of POME. This product would draw the attention of wastewater treatment industries and research institutes to benefit from it.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3135912330

Pallet from recycled plastic and waste natural fibers

This invention uses materials made from recycled domestic and industrial waste plastic (polypropylene) filled/reinforced with agricultural waste materials, such as oil-palm fiber and wood sawdust. The use of agricultural waste materials as the reinforcing component reduces the overall cost of the pallet and increases the strength.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3136312334

Oil Palm Shell-Based Sorbent/Catalyst As A Novel Industrial Gas Cleaning Technology (CePAC)

In this research, in an effort to reduce and control the release of greenhouse and acidic gases as well as to utilize and solve the disposal of abundant biomass wastes, we have successfully developed a novel technology to produce highly active sorbent/catalyst prepared from oil palm shell that is efficient in removing three important industrial pollutant gases (i.e NO, CO??, NO?? and SO??). Based on the novel technology developed, we have been able to identify the mechanism involved for simultaneous removal of these pollutants gases. In this research, CePAC has been prepared using oil palm shell and incorporated with different type of metal oxides by simple physical activation and calcination. CePAC has excellent properties such as abundant micropores, re-generable, workability and high adsorptivity. These properties, enhances CePAC to adsorb, reduce and oxidize the toxic gases easily and efficiently. The production of CePAC is simple and low-cost compared to the commercial activated carbon. CePAC has broad applications, besides for air pollution remediation, it can be used for wastewater treatment. Apart from that, it could also solve the problem associated with the accumulation of agricultural solid wastes. This enhances the usage of biomass wastes into value added products. With the development of this cheaper and efficient novel technology, CePAC has the potential for solving the issues related to global warming and green house gases.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3136512336

Novel Surreal Alloy For Assembled Components

Aluminium is one of the most important metals in our daily life, found in items as varied as cars, computers, buildings, packaging etc due to its light weight and high strenght. These properties are especially beneficial for fuel and energy saving especially in the transportation industry. Aluminium can be reused because the quality of the material does not deteriorate when exposed to heat. However, cast aluminium as assembled components are seldom found using the welding technique because TIG welding, the available joining technique for aluminium is expensive. A low cost friction stir welding (FSW) technique that is suitable for welding aluminium has been developed. To further exploit this technique, we havedeveloped Sustainable Recycled Aluminium (SURREAL) Alloy for assembled components that can be produced using a simple casting method and simple moulds. SURREAL slabs of various kinds of configurations can be made (such as lap, butt or T joints) which can then be joined by the low cost FSW technique. SURREAL components and the FSW technique would be excellent choices for the relevant small, medium industries manufactures that cannot afford invesments in more costly technique.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3136712338

Neuro-tool for monitoring and controlling palm oil mill emissions.

IT-based technology to monitor, control and optimize the emission from palm oil mill area is environmental. The tool has been developed based on the actual data taken from 2 palm oil mills.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3137212343


Indoor Air Quality (IAQ) is poor and has reached unmitigated levels; 2-5 times higher than outdoor air pollution. According to World Health Organization (WHO) poor IAQ responsible for the death of 4.3 million people every year (source). This is due to inhalation of hazardous substance found in the indoor air. These hazardous substances are emitted from buildings, construction materials and indoor equipment or due to indoor human activities such as combustion of fuels for cooking or heating and cleaning. Such poor IAQ is detrimental to the human health and affect the productivity instigating a significant impediment to socioeconomic development.
To address these problems, Nano-TiO2 is invented. Nano-TiO2 is a translucent water-based solution that is coated on surfaces such as walls, ceiling and floor using specialized spray gun. This coating forms a protective layer and decomposes pollutants and kills microbes on the surface with light illumination; thus helps to purify indoor air. It is not a device based technology and therefore do not require any maintenance and operational cost.
Nano-TiO2 is a distinguish product which has remarkable impact to our nation due to its originality features such as nano-size, long shelf life, non-toxic, good binding capability, high crystallinity, transparent and visible light active. These features results in remarkable performance and enhance the aesthetic value of Nano-TiO2. Nano-TiO2 is also a robust photocatalyst that works effectively under any light source in any environmental conditions (regardless of any seasonal effect). After one time coating, it has continuous performance throughout the year, thus serves well in global market without any stringent requirement.
Nano-TiO2 has multi-functional properties of an air purifier, disinfectant and self-cleansing; hence broadens the application in various sectors. Nano-TiO2 effectively inhibit fungus growth, decomposes Volatile Organic Compounds (VOC), remove odors, kills bacter

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3137312344

Nanophilic: Hishly Hydrophilic Nanofiltration Mambrane for Heavy Metal Removal

Nanophilic is a novel hydrophilic composite nanofiltration membrane prepared by applying porous ultrafiltration layer onto a tightly woven polymerization of an skin layer onto the ultrafiltration layer. The pore size of nanofiltration membrane was found to be aroung 0.5mm. The active skin layer was produced from the modification of conventional polypiperazinamide by incorporating the hight hydrophilic pendant group into the polypiparazinamide backbone as a result, an copolyamide layer was produced.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3137412345

NanoHematite - Novel Low Cost Semi Amorphous Catalyst for Dye Removal in Textile Industry

Production of NanoHematite
- Novel mineral processing techniques - with special emphasis on ultra fine grinding process is essential to determine the crucial characteristics of NanoHematite and its performance as catalyst for dye removal.

Advantages of NanoHematite
- Low cost compared to other catalyst such as TiO and ZnO
- Can be recovered and reuse after the treatment process
- Huge locally available reserves, estimated around 82 million tonne
- Minimal iron leaching during treatment ~2 ppm (Environment Quality Act - 5 ppm)
- Rapid decolorization - 15 min
- No secendory waste after the decolorization process
- Can be mass produced

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3137512346

Nanocoat: Remedy for VOC, Bacteria and Fungi Growing World

Various bacteria & virus are highly transmitted in our environment, and will cause severe illness to weak persons & children. Besides, toxic and carcinogen gases, like VOC and formaldehyde that are emitted after renovation (indoor pollutants) can cause blood cancer. Here we have developed NANOCOAT solution as a remedy for aforementioned health problem. NANOCOAT is a non-carcinogenic, non-allergenic solution that protects the health and well being of mankind against bacteria, fungi, toxic and carcinogen gases. It can be easily applied on any surface for such protection.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3138112352

Modulated Nanofiltration Process for Pesticides Treatment

Producing sufficient food supply for the increasing human population with a limited amount of land results in pesticides being indispensable in agriculture industry and its usage as pest control will not cease. Huge amount of pesticides used in agriculture sector is the emerging contaminants in drinking water supplies. This is because pesticides applied directly to the soil can be washed off by rain into nearby surface water or percolate through the soil to lower soil layers and groundwater. In order to safeguard people?s health especially with the increasing active agriculture activities emphasized in the Ninth Malaysian Plan, this research applies Nan filtration membrane for retention against dimethoate and atrazine, pesticides which are relevant to our Malaysia agriculture scenario. This research also provides data on the effetiveness on removal of dimethoate using namofiltration membrance which has not been tested and published before.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3138212353

Microw-C: A Crucible for Rapid Processing of Electroceramics Using a Domestic Microwave Oven

The conventional synthesizing technique of electroceramics such as CaCu3Ti4O12 (CCTO) using funace requires very long calcination time (about 24 hours). This is due to ineffective heating process of the furnace. The mechanism of furnace heating is through heat conduction from the material's surface inward, thus generate temperature gradient between outer and inner of the sample. The heating rate is slow and tends to overcure the surface while undercuring the interior of product. Such heating method dissipates large energy to surrounding, thus produced an inefficient heating process. Therefore, an alternative heating technique is needed to overcome these problems. Microwave heating is the most suitable alternative technique. Microwave heating is a quick and efficient method because of volumetric type heating which providing simultaneous and homogenous heating for both exterior and interior of the sample. However, microwave heating will need a suitable material to absorb microwave energy efficiently. Microw-C is a special formulated crucible material composite for for rapid microwave processing of electroceramics using a domestic microwave oven. By using Microw-C, we able to produce high dielectric constant CCTO by microwave to 24 hours when using a conventional furnace.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3138312354

Micellar-enhanced ultraflitration for removal UF reactive dYes from wastewater for textile industries.

Miceller-Enhanced Ultrafiltration (MEUF) is amodified ultrafiltration process which combines the high selectivity of reverse osmosis and the high flux of ultrafiltration. DYes needs to be treated by a surfactant stream with opposite charge to the solute. The basic idea for MEUF is that surfactant forms large amphiphilic aggregate micelles when it is added to aqueous streams at a concentration higher than its critical micelle concentration (CMC). The ions and dissolved organic compounds (solute) can be mostly trapped by the micelles if they tend to be strongly attracted by the micelle surface and will be solubilized in the micelle interior, respectively. Most of the solute in dye-containing effluent (dye molecule) will be solubilized in the micelles. Micelles containing solubilized solute is larger in size which make it easier to be filtered by ultrafiltration membrane, leaving only water and a small amountof unsolubilized solutes with free surfactants in the permeate stream. MEUF was known to be highly rejected of lower molecular weight of dYes compared to normal ultrafiltration process. This process also obtained higher flux compared to the separation of reactive dYes using namofiltration and reverse osmosis processes. Surfactant used in this process can be recovered and reuse in the same MEUF process. Highly percentage purity of water could be recovered and reused in other texile industrial process.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

ID : tm3138512356

MF Welding of Ceramic Composites to 6061 Aluminium Alloy

Ceramic-to-metal bonding presents huge challenges because of the large differences in the thermal expansion coefficients of the two types of materials. The degree of succes, when two different materials are joined, depends on factors such as the properties of the interface cretaed in the joined materials, which results in large residual stresses being generated during cooling from the joining temperature. Several techniques have been developed depending on the materials to be bonded such as solid state welding, direct diffusion bonding, hot isostic pressing, reactive metal bonding and active metal brazing. However, problems still exist that prevents maximum bonding efficiency between such different materials. In order to overcome these problems, friction welding could be the technique for producing high productive methods in joining similar and dissimilar metals and is widely used in automotive, aerospace and engineering applications.

Nibong Tebal Pulau Pinang

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