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The National Survey of Research and Development (R&D) aims to find out the status, trends and statistics of the national R&D for a financial year.

National Survey of R&D has been implemented by MASTIC since 1994 (for the financial year 1992). Fifteen National Survey of R&D have been published to meet demand by internal and external stakeholders of MASTIC. The latest study conducted by MASTIC in 2021, covering data for financial year 2020.

The findings of this study will be used to measure the performance of national R&D activities against the targets set by the Government such as National Science, Technology and Innovation Policy 2021-2030 and also for international benchmarking.


Objectives of National Survey of R&D 2021

  1. To measure the comprehensive status, progress and changes in the national R&D activities;
  2. To  identify  and analyse  R&D  expenditure  trends,  source  of  financing,  human  resources involved  in  R&D,  field  of  research  and  output  from  the  R&D  activities  such  as  number  of publications and intellectual properties until 2020 financial year at the macro level;
  3. To compare the national R&D progress with that of other countries based on the findings of this study; and
  4. To study and analyse gross R&D expenditure per GDP (GERD/GDP) ratio, minimum ratio of 30:70 in R&D expenditure between the public and private sectors as well as the number of researchers  per  10,000 labour force  based  on  factors  such  as  political,  economics,  social, technological, environmental, policy and others.
Scope and Methodology

The National Survey of R&D includes both public and private organisations. The sectors involved are:

  1. Higher Learning Institutions (HLI);
  2. Government Research Institute and Agency (GRI);
  3. Business Enterprise (BE); and
  4. Non-Governmental Organisations (NGO)

This study adopted Frascati Manual guidelines published by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD, 2015).

There are three (3) canvassing of data collection methods which are online, telephone and face-to-face interview.


Comprise creative and systematic work undertaken in order to increase the stock of knowledge – including knowledge of humankind, culture and society – and to devise new applications of available knowledge (Frascati Manual, 2015).

Current Status Of Recent Study

The upcoming National Survey of R&D is expected to be published in 2024 for the development of National Survey of R&D 2023 (Financial year 2022). 

Statistic :

Pattern of The Study

Last modified
18 August 2023