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The STI Facility and Equipment Inventory Survey 2012/2013 was carried out as a continuous exercise to obtain updated and comprehensive data on the STI facilities and equipment available in Malaysia. This was important as the number of STI facilities and equipment has been steadily increasing over the years attributed to the growing number of research and development (R&D) institutions such as universities, centres of excellence and high-tech industries.

STI facility is defined as the place where research and scientific activities carried out such as a laboratory, the monitoring center and place of testing. STI equipment is equipment used to support STI activities, including research, testing, and monitoring that has cost more than RM200,000.00 for each instrument.

Hence, the data is important for policymakers and researchers in identifying the availability of STI facilities and equipment in the country. This will also promote efficient management of resources by encouraging sharing of STI equipment at various facilities in different organisations nationwide. In addition, it will also assist government agencies and other organisations in determining the need for acquisition of new science and technology assets in the future.


Graf bar di atas menunjukkan taburan penyelidik dan pakar yang telah didaftarkan dalam sistem NMDS sehingga Bulan Jun 2018 berdasarkan 9 Division bidang kepakaran (Field of Research-FOR) yang disenaraikan dalam Malaysian Research and Development Classification System (MRDCS) versi keenam. Palang berwarna ungu menunjukkan jumlah pakar manakala palang berwarna kuning menunjukkan jumlah penyelidik. Bidang Natural Sciences mencatatkan bilangan yang tertinggi bagi kedua-dua kategori penyelidik (1,946) dan pakar (1,913). Bilangan data yang kedua tertinggi adalah dalam bidang  Engineering And Technology dengan bilangan penyelidik sebanyak 1,863 dan bilangan pakar sebanyak 1,664. Bilangan data yang terendah bagi kategori penyelidik adalah bidang  Humanities iaitu sebanyak 386 manakala bagi kategori pakar adalah sebanyak 308 dari bidang   Biotechnology.

Nota: Medan pengisian bagi FOR dalam pangkalan data NMDS bukanlah mandatori. Justeru, jumlah yang dinyatakan di atas adalah berdasarkan data yang telah diterima daripada pembekal data MASTIC sehingga Jun 2018



Based on Graph, there were 2,776 data on S&T organisations that has been registered in the database consisting of 68 non-governmental organisations, 118 government research institutes, 454 institutions of higher learning and 2,136 private companies.

Statistic on Malaysia's Patent Applications and International Ranking, 2002 - 2017

Year Resident Rank Non-Resident Rank Abroad Rank
2002 322 45 4,615 22 27 57
2003 376 44 4,686 19 344 32
2004 522 39 4,920 18 397 35
2005 522 41 5,764 17 399 34
2006 531 41 4,269 23 481 32
2007 670 40 1,702 31 507 37
2008 818 36 4,485 21 543 39
2009 1,234 33 4,503 20 578 34
2010 1,231 34 5,152 18 706 36
2011 1,076 34 5,376 18 872 33
2012 1,114 32 5,826 17 861 35
2013 1.199 33 6,006 18 1,100 32
2014 1,353 29 6,267 19 1,308 33
2015 1,272 29 6,455 19 1,076 35
2016 1,109 32 6,127 19 854 37
2017 1,166   5,906   982  

*Source : World Intellectual Property Organization (


Data Coverage: MyIPO, 2001-2017

Date of Data Extraction: 17th July 2018

A total of 88,228 patent applied by non-resident and 15,485 patent applied by resident. Non-resident filings far outnumber resident filings.  


The classification of innovative and non-innovative respondents based on business sector is shown in the figure above. Based on the number of respondents from the manufacturing and services sectors, majority of the innovative respondents came from the services sector with 62%, while the remaining were from the manufacturing sector with 38%. On the other hand, the highest non-innovative companies were from manufacturing sector with 58% as compared to service sector with 42%.


The figure show the number of products / technologies according 9 fields of research based on sixth edition Malaysian Research and Development Classification (MRDCS). The bar chart shows that the fields of Enginearing and Technology are the main areas of product / technology  that have the potential to be commercialized while fields of Economics, Bussiness and Management product / technology least to be commercialized.

Malaysia's Ranking in the Bloomberg Innovation Index 2019



Source: National Survey of Innovation 2012

The figure shows the highest innovative companies according to types of ownership are Private Limited (Sdn. Bhd.) companies in both sectors with 70.56% and 59.35% for public limited businesses respectively. On the other hand, the lowest forms of innovative companies were Partnership business with 5.17% for manufacturing and 6.13% for services as presented

Structure of Global Competitiveness Index 2018 (GCI 4.0)

The Global Competitiveness Report 2018

The figure show that the Business Enterprise (BE) sector has remained as the largest contributor to spur of R&D activities in Malaysia until 2018. The Business Enterprise (BE) sector is major exploiter on that year (RM6,614 million, 43.9%). The second major contributer in R&D is Higher Learning Institution (HLI), with the value of RM6,412 million (42.6%). Vice versa, the minor contributer goes to Government Research Institutes (GRI) RM2,019 million (13.4%) and Non-Governmental Organisation (NGO) RM15 million (0.1%).