The Malaysian Research and Development Classification System (MRDCS) was first introduced in the 1992 National Survey of Research and Development. It was designed for classifying and describing research activities in Malaysia to the highest detail and accuracy. These classifications provide the basis for the measurement and analysis of R&D activities and statistics that are useful guidelines to the government policy makers, industrialists and researchers. It is also a useful indicator on the direction of R&D and technological change. As technological advances become increasingly dynamic, there are no limitations to the introduction of new researchable areas. The sixth edition of MRDCS is seen as a continuation and latest updates to address any presence of technological gaps and barriers. The standard framework set up in these classifications support distinct and highly distinguishable related R&D activities for ensuring efficiency and effectiveness in setting priorities, providing funds, maximising national R&D efforts and also as indicators for international comparisons.